NIH study suggests the importance of preconception vitamin D in maintaining pregnancy.
Among women planning to conceive after a pregnancy loss, those who had sufficient levels of vitamin D were more likely to become pregnant and have a live birth, compared to women with insufficient levels of the vitamin, according to an analysis by researchers at the National Institutes of Health. This study appears in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.
“Our findings suggest that vitamin D may play a protective role in pregnancy,” said the study’s principal investigator Sunni L. Mumford, Ph.D., in the Epidemiology Branch of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).
The authors note that a few studies have shown that women who have higher levels of vitamin D before undergoing in vitrofertilization have higher pregnancy rates than those with lower levels. However, little research has been done on pregnancy rates and pregnancy loss in women attempting to conceive without assisted reproductive technologies.
Resident was contagious between July 7-10
HARRISBURG (PRNewswire-USNewswire) -- Acting Secretary of Health and Physician General Dr. Rachel Levine today alerted residents of State College Borough, Centre County, that an individual has a confirmed case of measles and visited three local stores, potentially exposing others to the disease.
"If you visited these locations in the late afternoon or early evening of July 7 or 10, please contact your health care provider to determine if your immunizations are up to date," Dr. Levine said. "If you have been properly immunized against measles, your risk of getting the disease is minimal. However, if you believe you might have been exposed to measles and experience symptoms, please contact your health-care provider or call our toll-free hotline at 1-877-PA-HEALTH."
Exposures may have occurred at the following dates and locations in State College:
Measles is a highly contagious but vaccine-preventable disease that spreads through coughing, sneezing or other contact with the mucus or saliva of an infected person. Symptoms typically appear one to three weeks after infection and include: rash; high fever; cough; and red, watery eyes.
According to Centers for Disease Prevention and Control (CDC) those most at-risk are:
Even if you were vaccinated, you may still be at risk if you were vaccinated with an inactivated vaccine, which was used from 1963 through 1967, and have not been revaccinated; or you were born after 1957 and have only received one dose of MMR vaccine.
For more information on measles visit the Department of Health website at www.health.pa.gov or follow on Facebook and Twitter.
On today's edition of WITF's Smart Talk, Host Scott Lamar and guests discussed Pennsylvania at the epicenter of reported cases of Lyme disease in the US.
Lamar discussed the effects of the disease with Samantha Perry, who became impacted by Lyme two and a half years ago while a freshman at Penn State . She and her mother, Carrie, joined Project Lyme to spread awareness of the disease.
Other guests included Dr. Loren Robinson, Deputy Secretary for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention at the Pennsylvania Department of Health, and Dr. Chris Turnpaugh, founder of the Turnpaugh Health and Wellness Center in Mechanicsburg,
Smart Talk is a daily, live, interactive program featuring conversations with newsmakers and experts in a variety of fields and exploring a wide range of issues and ideas, including the economy, politics, health care, education, culture, and the environment. Smart Talk airs live every week day at 9 a.m. on WITF’s 89.5 and 93.3.
Listen to Smart Talk live online from 9-10 a.m. weekdays and at 7 p.m. (Repeat of 9 a.m. program)
HARRISBURG (PRNewswire-USNewswire) -- Without limitations on who it can affect, tooth decay remains one of the most prevalent, yet preventable diseases in our nation. The Pennsylvania Dental Association (PDA) reminds that a safe, effective and economical way to reduce occurrences is through the public health implementation of community water fluoridation.
Nearly all naturally occurring water sources contain fluoride—a mineral that has been proven to prevent, and even reverse, tooth decay. Water fluoridation involves regulating the amount of fluoride in the water to assure that the amount is at a safe and effective level for oral health. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) declare that based on numerous studies, fluoride at the recommended levels of less than or equal to one part per million is safe, with the most effective cavity fighting level being at 0.7ppm to 1.0ppm.
Documentation of the effectiveness of water fluoridation has been noted in scientific literature for more than 70 years. The American Dental Association (ADA) has stated that even before the first community fluoridation program began in 1945, data from the 1930s and 1940s revealed 50 to 60 percent lower tooth decay rates in children consuming naturally occurring, optimally fluoridated water compared to children consuming fluoride-deficient water.
Extensive research continues to indicate water fluoridation is one of the most effective public health measures in history. It has maintained its effectiveness of reducing tooth decay by at least 25 percent in adults and children, even during an era of wide availability of fluoride from other sources, such as fluoride toothpaste.
The first step to ensuring all Pennsylvanians have preventive dental care is to fluoridate our public water systems. Adding fluoride to the drinking water ensures that everyone, regardless of age or income, receives valuable health benefits.
"Fluoride protects teeth against decay in two ways," says PDA member Dr. Alicia Risner-Bauman, who serves on the ADA Council on Advocacy for Access and Prevention and the Board of Directors of the PA Coalition for Oral Health. "In the tooth structure as the teeth are forming, and in the mouth of children and adults."
"Fluoride has been shown to be incorporated into the developing tooth structure, making the tooth stronger and less prone to decay or cavities," Dr. Bauman added. "When fluoride comes in contact with the tooth enamel, the fluoride ion (molecule) can bind with the tooth enamel and promote remineralization, the strengthening of weakened tooth structure."
Currently, only 54 percent of Pennsylvanians are receiving optimally fluoridated water, with rural communities missing the benefits the most. People who live in these areas are in need of basic oral health care. Fifty-one percent of rural children receive regular dental services, compared to 61 percent of urban children. Community water fluoridation is needed to help improve the oral health and lives of all residents who live in rural Pennsylvania.
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) proclaimed community water fluoridation as one of 10 great public health achievements of the 20th century. It is one public health program that actually saves money. The average cost for optimally fluoridating a public water supply is less than the cost of one dental filling. For every dollar invested in fluoridation, a person saves $38 in dental treatment costs. Fluoridation also would save money in the state Medicaid budget.
Dr. Bauman says she sees the ravages of dental decay every day.
"I have treated children and adults who have had access to toothpaste, fluoride supplements and dentally applied fluoride. Unfortunately, these patients have well water or public water that does not have fluoride occurring naturally. Even with access to the other fluoride sources, they still have cavities. Without exposure to water fluoridation, these patients suffer from pain and infection every day, causing loss of time in school, loss of time at work. If we can provide something as simple as a naturally occurring mineral in the drinking water for a portion of the population to help prevent this unnecessary suffering, why would we not?"
SOURCE Pennsylvania Dental Association
PA Physician General Dr. Rachel Levine Recognized as One of the Nation's Highest-Ranking Trans Officials
Pennsylvania Physician General, Dr. Rachel Levine, is the state's highest ranking transgender official and only trans cabinet member. NBC News recognized Levine as one of its 2017 NBC Out #Pride30 innovators, changemakers and rising stars, yesterday, in honor of LGBTQ Pride Month. The inaugural list of honorees recognizes and celebrates lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer people who are making the community proud.
Levine, who is one of very few out transgender government officials, made history by becoming one of the nation's highest-ranking openly trans officials when she was appointed by Gov. Tom Wolf in 2015. Prior to her appointment, she practiced as a pediatrician, professor and international lecturer, and went on to found the Penn State Hershey Eating Disorders Program for adolescents and adults. Levine is a graduate of Harvard College and the Tulane University School of Medicine.
To read more click here.
Dr. Rachel Levine Official Photo PA Department of Health